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Today, businesses and professionals around the globe in the public and private health sector are using the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to modify current policies of intervention and potentiate the scope of the health care industry.
The GIS tool enables the development and implementation of new and innovative ways to support adequate integration of data in a spatial context. This integration of information produces an enormous amount of information about your project and a spatial image of the real situation being studied, that enables in ultimately a better decision making.
The relevance of the GIS is in the capacity to determine “where”, “why”, and “how” it can intervene on the current health models to improve the quality of health care. To achieve this goal, it seeks to increase the accessibility of services, more and better cost-effective delivery models based on shorter distances, and hierarchical medical care.
Furthermore, the main advantages of GIS in the health sector is that it can to show the number of doctors, nurses, beds and others resources within of each medical center, hospital or insurance organization to identify better geographic areas of service or population groups that are in a higher risk level and require more prompt intervention to modify, reduce or eliminate the specific factors that are putting in risk the health of their citizens and so avoiding unnecessary costs in the medical care.